Meet Arezoo Eshraghi & learn about what ISPO means to her

What led you to enter the Prosthetic/Orthotic Profession, and what would you
consider to be your greatest joy about doing the work you do?

I visited a P&O facility before I choose my major at university and was impressed by
artistic yet well engineered devices that helped improve life of people with mobility
issues. What I loved the most was that engineering techniques and medical expertise
went hand in hand.
My greatest joy is being challenged every day by my clients and trying to find ways to
bring smile on their faces. I always say our profession is truly rewarding. It is wonderful
how we work as a team with other professionals to ensure our clients achieve their daily
mobility goals.

What led you to become involved with ISPO Canada?
Being a member of ISPO international for the last two decades and volunteering at the
Scientific Committee since 2017, I have enjoyed connecting with P&O professionals
globally. Also during my PhD and postdoc fellowship, I collaborated with P&O
manufacturers and research groups on R&D projects to develop new techniques and
components for amputee rehabilitation. By joining the ISPO Canada, I will bring my
background as a clinician, educator and researcher to promote ISPO mission among
my fellow professionals in Canada. Being exposed to diverse patient populations as a
clinician, from Middle East to Southeast Asia and North America, my goal is to support
diversity in the Canadian P&O care.

What impact do you think ISPO has had on persons accessing assistive
devices and rehabilitation services?

I believe ISPO has provided grounds for engaging various professionals, end users,
industry, scholars, and governments to build a better world together. Every two years,
professionals from around the world gather during ISPO congress to share their
experiences and knowledge on providing better care for those in need of assistive
devices and raising the standards of P&O education.

Can you offer any advice to recent graduates and students in your chosen
profession?

Learning is an ongoing process in P&O profession. As students, you may not see all
conditions and types of assistive devices, so when you start as a fresh P&O clinician be
open to exploring new techniques, take risks and don’t be afraid of making mistakes.
Qualifications will get you to the interview but experience and passion will get you
further. Our clients rely on us as professionals so our job is to listen to them and keep
ourselves up-to-date to provide quality care. Embrace every opportunity to volunteer in
P&O communities to connect with other professionals and assistive device users.

What are your hobbies and activities outside of your professional life?
I enjoy travelling to meet new people and places. Exercise is key to a healthy life, so I
like walking and jogging few times a week.

Any other comments or thoughts you would like to share?
Our profession has a lot to offer to the community and it is on every one of us to
promote it both nationally and internationally. We can build “A world where all people
have equal opportunity for full participation in society”.

Past Member Highlights

Meet Alain Plouffe & learn about what ISPO means to him

What profession did you enter into, and what would you consider to be your greatest joy about doing the work you do?

After completing my degree in Human Kinetics at Ottawa U and then Clinical P&O at George Brown College, I became a Certified Orthotist. Currently, I oversee the Orthotics, Pedorthics, Prosthetics & Seating Program at the Queen Alexandra Centre in Victoria BC. 

Our work is an amazing combination of art and science that leads to creative ways of helping people with disabilities. My greatest joy is seeing the impact this can have on a patient’s quality of life.

What led you to become involved with ISPO Canada?

I spent a good portion of my career working overseas for the International Committee of the Red Cross. During that time, I had the privilege of collaborating with professionals from all over the world and saw varying levels of access to training and education in our field. When I decided to come back to Canada, I wanted to stay involved in promoting P&O standards both locally and abroad. Joining ISPO and becoming an auditor seemed like a great way to do so.

What impact do you think ISPO has had on persons accessing assistive devices and rehabilitation services?

Coming up in November, ISPO will be 50 years old. An impressive milestone! While there is still much to do, I believe ISPO’s remarkable efforts in establishing international standards is leading to better worldwide access to qualified professionals and consistency in patient experiences when they need P&O care.

Can you offer any advice to recent graduates and students in your chosen profession?

View the profession through a wide lens, think outside the box and challenge best practice. P&O continues to evolve and there are many opportunities for us to grow as professionals and be innovative for our patients.

What are your hobbies and activities outside of your professional life?

Enjoying everything the west coast has to offer by being outdoors with my family whenever possible.

Any other comments or thoughts you would like to share?

Joining ISPO has been a great choice. Doing so has connected me to a much larger group of like-minded professionals and I truly value the networking and learning opportunities that have come from being a member.




Meet Gertrude Mensch and hear her ISPO Memories!


Throughout my career as a physiotherapist, I was employed at the Henderson General Hospital in Hamilton, Ontario. I thoroughly enjoyed what I did.

Please realize that I date back to a time when “my” hospital owned 3 pigs (1956). They were cared for by a nearby farmer and were fed by left over hospital food. Times have changed!

In 1960, shortly after I was appointed to be the Physiotherapy Department Head, Dr. Angus MacMillan, Orthopaedic surgeon, established the “Regional Amputation Rehabilitation Assessment Clinic”. It was located in Henderson General Hospital’s Physiotherapy Department where meetings were held once a week. Surgical procedures were done at the Hamilton General Hospital. Amputation rehabilitation was the responsibility of the Henderson Hospital while prosthetic and orthotic services were provided at the nearby Chedoke Hospital, whose prosthetist attended our weekly  assessment meetings. Everything was spread out, but times demanded team work. Team work was “in”!

In the same year -1960 – my hospital administration sent me to New York’s University’s Post-Graduate Medical School to attend  a 2 week long intense Amputation Rehabilitation Team course. We had to learn what our team partners did, how we should  work together and how the amputee feels. At its conclusion, there was an exam and the results sent to my hospital administrator.  I reported my successful experience to Dr, Angus MacMillan. As a result, the Henderson Hospital started in-service staff education. I was suddenly  responsible for in-service staff education in the rehab sector. A few times I was “loaned out” to Northern Hospitals. My fondest memory is a trip to Haileybury.
The town had a silver mine and their hospital gave me a treat to go down to see silver mining. The elevator was a narrow wooden box shaking down slowly until it came to a bumpy stop. A small underground rail system brought my guide and me to a dimly lit area where the miners worked. This experience resulted in my greatest respect for the miners working for hours underground.

To keep up with the advancements of prosthetics I attended several National Prosthetic conventions. All prosthetists – in those years only men- were most helpful in explaining the technical and mechanical workings of new components (eg. knee joints). What I learned during these presentations and discussions was key, since it directly impacts gait patterns and gait analysis.

My next great surprise came in 1974. I had submitted a paper to ISPO’s first World Congress scheduled to be held in Montreux / Switzerland and it was accepted. But the surprise was an invitation to also attend the preceding ISPO Workshop to be held in Les Diablerets, a beautiful ski resort in the mountains near Montreux. It was a fact finding workshop, investigating the number of amputees; types disabled persons worldwide; the type of help they could receive and ideas of how ISPO could provide help. I was delighted! My employer gave approval to attend this event. The group of approximately 30  people I met there was an international mix – all kind, knowledgeable and caring. I learned more from them than I could contribute. I was hooked,. I signed up to become an ISPO member. 

Back home I took on the responsibilities of secretary for ISPO in Canada. I received guidance from ISPO‘S Head office in Copenhagen and Cliff Chadderton, CEO of the War Amputees of Canada.
Slowly our membership increased. During 1979 I was elected to represent Canada on ISPO’s International Executive Board. I accepted with joy. My 3 year term started in 1980. Board meetings were held twice yearly, mostly in Copenhagen. Each board member represented a different country. In 1983 I received the honour of ISPO Fellowship and remained on the Board for a second term until 1986. Education for developing countries was a prime objective, Member country reports were studied and our report to the World Health Organization was prepared. We often had some homework.

I was fortunate enough to meet Terry Fox. He stopped in Hamilton on his cross country run. He was a determined young man, who lost his leg above the knee due to bone cancer. He found his running pattern tiring. He had to take an extra hop with his sound leg to permit his prosthesis to swing forward to achieve heel contact. He thought of getting a spring mechanism below his artificial knee to excel his prosthesis to swing forward faster after toe off. That thought was the beginning of the development of a running prosthesis for otherwise healthy above knee amputees.

I was asked what impact ISPO had on assessing Assistive Devices and Rehabilitation Services. My answer is threefold.
1) The ISPO journal publishes research papers, a calendar of upcoming courses and events as well as book reviews. Since ISPO’s membership is multi- disciplinary, a large group of rehabilitation workers, not only prosthetists and orthotists, receive updated information. This large membership group is therefore able to help, advise and refer physically disabled clients to get help for their specific needs.
2. ISPO is holding regular World Congresses in different parts of the world and always offers advanced courses at the same time for which members can sign up. That increases the knowledge base of the membership
3. Needs of supportive and corrective devices differ from country to country. Some have access to Research and Development, others do not. ISPO is sending experts to developing countries to help to develop simple, yet useful devices. Just one example: ISPO member Prof. Dr. R. Baumgartner from Switzerland traveled regularly to the Sudan and other African countries. He sent me a picture of a foot amputee using a large hook strapped to his lower leg and used both hands and legs  to walk up a tree trunk to harvest coconuts. He could keep his job.

These factors combined have increased our membership greatly, and with it better services to users of all P and O devises. This worldwide betterment cannot be measured in numbers as satisfaction is subjective. But ISPO has most certainly greatly improved awareness, guidance and help. After all, ISPO has been chosen to report regularly to the World Health Organization.

In a nutshell, I have worked with lower extremity amputees using a peg leg and also with amputees who were treated with the below-knee instant prosthetic fitting technic. A plaster cast was applied directly after a below knee amputation to prevent stump swelling, and a gait attachment device was available for immediate controlled weight bearing in early ambulation ( Dr. Burgess method). In later years computer aided socket  designs were used (CAD-CAM ) for A/K socket fabrication and also flexible sockets were introduced.

I was also asked what kind of advice I would like to give to a new graduate. The answer is simple:  Keep on learning. No one can take away from you what you have learned. Also join your professional association. It guides, advises and helps you and keep up standards. It is your partner.

Then I was asked what I considered to be my greatest achievement.  No doubt my publications. Papers in different journals, chapters in books published by Dr. S. Banerjee, by Dr. Basmajian, and by Prof. Dr. R Baumgartner.  My own book published entitled “ Physical Therapy Management of Lower Extremity Amputations” was published in 1987 by Aspen Publishers. Inc.. The book took 3 years to write, but all the effort was worth it. I received an Honorable Award from the American Medical Writers Association at their 1987 Chicago Convention. My husband Gunter and I  attended the Awards Ceremony. I was very pleased.  Later Dan Blocka (ISPO member) converted the entire text into PDF. My friend and colleague  Patty Ellis-Idenouye was my co-author and I thank her dearly for all her insightful help. I retired on June 30, 1988.

That gave Gunter, a retired dentist, and myself time to enjoy longer winter vacations which we spent on Glovers Reef, an atoll in the Caribbean Sea off the coast of Belize. After a hurricane destroyed this lovely place, we vacationed on the island of Bonaire. Gunter enjoyed scuba diving and I loved snorkelling. We both like reading. We rented an ocean cottage , had our own water entrance with a coral reef right there. A boat which took divers out to sea in the morning was nearby . We cooked for ourselves and shopped at the vegetable boat which came twice weekly from Venezuela . In the afternoon Gunter would say: “Come let’s go in the water to visit our fishes.” And then we snorkelled together.  Gunter passed away in 2011.  I am very thankful that we could be together for 62 years. I have a loving family and now live near them in Lincoln Park, a Senior Residence in Grimsby, Ontario . Zoe my great-granddaughter is the sunshine of my life.

Gertrude Mensch, MCPA